How does the P / E ratio work

nobil
nobil

le 18/11/2020 à 11:01 Citer ce message

Price-to-earnings ratio is a valuation measure that compares a company's earnings per share (EPS) to the current market price. This metric is widely known and used as an indicator of the company's future growth potential. The price-earnings ratio does not reveal a complete picture, and it is most useful when comparing firms in the same industry only or comparing firms to the general market.





Typically, a high P / E ratio means that the market is willing to pay a higher price compared to the earnings because there is an expectation of future growth in the company. Tech stocks, for example, usually carry high P / E ratios. A lower price-return ratio indicates that the market expects less growth in the company or perhaps less favorable macroeconomic conditions that may harm the company. As a result, despite its earnings, the stock will usually sell somewhat if it has a low P / E because investors do not believe that the current price justifies the earnings expectations.

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Price / yield deficit

There are problems that arise with the use of the P / E ratio for investors. The share price can rise if the investors are overly optimistic causing the price-earnings ratio to rise. Also, the profit share of the scale can be manipulated to some extent if the company's profits are fixed, for example, but the company's management reduces its outstanding stakes, thus boosting the company's profits on a per share basis.

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Advantages of using the EV / EBITDA multiplier

The EV / EBITDA ratio helps mitigate some of the declines in the price-return ratio, which is a financial metric that measures the return a company makes on its capital investments. EBITDA stands for Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization. In other words, EBITDA provides a clearer picture of a company's financial performance because it excludes debt costs, taxes, and accounting measures such as depreciation, which spreads the costs of fixed assets for many years.

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One of the most effective ways to use the EV / EBITDA value is comparative evaluation where the scale is used to evaluate similar firms in the same industry.

The other component is enterprise value (EV), which is the sum of equity or the market value of the company plus its debt minus cash. Electric vehicles are commonly used in acquisitions. The EV / EBITDA ratio is calculated by dividing EV by EBITDA for a more comprehensive profit multiplier than the P / E ratio.



Disadvantages of EV / EBITDA

However, the EV / EBITDA ratio does have its drawbacks, such as the fact that it does not include capital expenditures, which can be important for some industries. As a result, it may result in a more favorable multiplier by not including these expenses.

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Although calculating this ratio can be complicated, the EV and EBITDA value of publicly traded companies are widely available on most financial websites. The ratio is often preferred over other measures of return because it normalizes differences in taxes, capital (debt) structure, and number of assets.



P / E Ratio vs EV / EBITDA

The price-earnings ratio has been established as a primary metric for evaluating the market, and the sheer volume of current and historical data gives metric weight with respect to inventory analysis. Some analysts contend that using EV / EBITDA versus the price-return ratio as a valuation method produces better returns on investment.



Both scales have inherent advantages and disadvantages. As with any financial metric, it is important to consider several financial ratios including the P / E ratio and the EV / EBITDA ratio in determining whether the company is somewhat overvalued, overvalued, or undervalued.

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